Read e-book online The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory PDF

By Shalom Lappin, Chris Fox

ISBN-10: 0470670738

ISBN-13: 9780470670736

ISBN-10: 111888213X

ISBN-13: 9781118882139

The second one version of The instruction manual of latest Semantic Theory provides a entire advent to state-of-the-art learn in modern theoretical and computational semantics.

  • Features thoroughly new content material from the 1st version of The instruction manual of up to date Semantic Theory
  • Features contributions through major semanticists, who introduce middle parts of latest semantic study, whereas discussing present research
  • Suitable for graduate scholars for classes in semantic idea and for complex researchers as an advent to present theoretical work

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For example, it is immediate in the triangle that smoothness implies Mon↑. And indeed, we have Fact 2. Any Conserv quantifier satisfying (33a) and (33b) is Mon↑. Proof. Suppose that QM (A, B) and B ⊆ B ⊆ M. Let A = A − (B − B). It follows that A ⊆ A and A ∩ B = A ∩ B = A ∩ B . By (33b), QM (A , B), so, using Conserv twice, QM (A , B ). But we also have A ⊆ A and A − B = A − B . Thus, by (33a), QM (A, B ). − − − − + − − + + − − + + + − − + + + + − − + + + + + − − + + + + + + − − + + + + + + + − − + + + + + + + + − .

A positive result may use a logical defining sentence without any “natural” English translation, rendering its linguistic interest dubious. By contrast, some logical definitions are close enough to linguistic forms that their existence (or non existence) may be relevant to, for example, questions of compositionality. A negative result, on the other hand, is more interesting—and harder to prove—the more general the allowed forms of definition are: if all defining forms are ruled out, so are the linguistically “natural” ones.

No general morphosyntactic definition seems to be agreed on, but there are various tests for definiteness, such as inability to appear in existential there sentences: (35) a. There were three students at the meeting. b. *There were the students/Mary’s students at the meeting. 24 Dag Westerst˚ahl At the same time, definiteness seems to have a lot to do with meaning: What is its semantic definition? This seems easier: already Russell identified unique reference as the characteristic property of singular quantified DPs.

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The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory by Shalom Lappin, Chris Fox

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