By Bob Morris Jones
The writer analyses the meanings of the inflections of finite verbs, ideal point, and revolutionary point in casual Welsh. The inflections express factuality, annoying, point, and habituality. ideal element conveys anterior time or offers a retrospective view. innovative point conveys a durative view of a scenario. There are exceptions to the final analyses and numerous constraints are mentioned.
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Extra info for Tense and Aspect in Informal Welsh
1 Tense and time We shall follow a standard contemporary approach in linguistics which distinguishes between tense as a grammatical category, and time as a philosophical concept. 20 Nor shall we consider a physicist’s view of time in terms of the speed of light, such that current observations of a far distant star indicate its past state and not its current state. We shall also follow another standard approach in linguistics which establishes three periods of time: past, present and future. These periods of time are typically defined in relation to the time of speaking, as in Reichenbach (1947) and Lyons (1968: 275–276, 1977: 677–690, 1995: 302–320).
In this section, we shall introduce syntactic aspect and also emphasize that a distinction is made between tense and aspect in this study. The term aspect can also be used in a much wider sense to refer to types of situations, and is based on relationships between verb lexemes and their arguments and their adjuncts. This approach to aspect derives from the work of Vendler (1967), and examples of it are seen in Dowty (1979), Smith (1997), and Thompson (2005). This current work does not set out to discuss aspect in this very wide sense, but issues which arise out of situational aspect are drawn upon in the discussion of perfect aspect and progressive aspect in chapters 7 and 8.
1SG I the top to away Ferwish i ’r wy. 1SG I the egg ‘I ate the lot. I cut the top away. ’ Another way of determining order is through the use of adverbs, as in: 10 Yn gyntaf olchish i ’r car. 1SG I ’r gwair. Yn ola, ddarllenish i ’r papur. 1SG I the paper ‘First I washed the car. Then I cut the grass. ’ A study by Partee (1984) shows that times of situations can also be dependent on other clauses in the discourse. Thus, in John left the room. He was furious, the two situations are located at the same time.
Tense and Aspect in Informal Welsh by Bob Morris Jones