By Gregorio Piaia, Giovanni Santinello
This is the 3rd quantity of Models of the historical past of Philosophy, a collaborative paintings at the background of the heritage of philosophy relationship from the Renaissance to the top of the 19th century. the quantity covers a decisive interval within the background of recent concept, from Voltaire and the nice “Encyclopédie” of Diderot and d'Alembert to the age of Kant, i.e. from the histoire de l'esprit humain lively through the belief of growth to the a priori heritage of human proposal. The curiosity of the philosophes and the Kantians (Buhle and Tennemann) within the research and the reconstruction of the philosophies of the prior was once characterised by means of a spirit that used to be hugely severe, yet while systematic. the fabric is split into 4 huge linguistic and cultural components: the French, Italian, British and German. The targeted research of the 35 works which are thought of to be “general” histories of philosophy is preceded and followed via long introductions at the historic history and references to varied different works bordering on philosophical historiography.
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Extra info for Models of the History of Philosophy: Vol. III: The Second Enlightenment and the Kantian Age
The person who “gave philosophy a form which seems destined to last” was Newton, whose theories had long prevailed in French culture. D’Alembert appre- 1 The History of Philosophy in the Encyclopédie 19 ciates the moderation shown by the English scientist and asserts the originality of his theories against those who tended to credit the ancients with all the discoveries: “But even supposing that the Greeks had had an intuition in the same direction, what was only a rash and romantic system with them became a demonstrated truth in the hands of Newton.
In addition to the Discours préliminaire, D’Alembert wrote for the Encyclopédie the ‘Avertissement’ to volume III and the articles ‘Copernic’, ‘École (philosophie de l’)’, ‘Égoistes’, ‘Éléments des sciences’, ‘Érudition’, ‘Expérimental’, ‘Newtonianisme’; he also contributed to the entries ‘Cabale’ and ‘Cartésianisme’, and revised the scientific articles. 3 G. Piaia The Secondary Collaborators Among the other scholars who collaborated on the Encyclopédie, the most active editors of the articles concerning the history of philosophy were the abbés Yvon and Pestré.
124–125; the italics are mine). The text continues by emphasising the educational function of error, which goes far beyond the mere individual and takes on a dimension of cultural and civil regeneration that brings to mind Condorcet’s words: “Those nations that are still restrained in darkness by the yoke of superstition and despotism will one day – provided they finally manage to break their chains – take advantage of those contradictions to which all kinds of truths have been submitted by us; enlightened by our example, they will instantly overcome the immense number of mistakes and prejudices in which a thousand obstacles have constrained us for many centuries, and will all of a sudden pass from the deepest darkness to the true philosophy we have been able to touch only slowly and fleetingly”(I, p.
Models of the History of Philosophy: Vol. III: The Second Enlightenment and the Kantian Age by Gregorio Piaia, Giovanni Santinello