By Andreas Blank
Comprises revised papers from a September 1996 symposium which supplied a discussion board for synchronically and diachronically orientated students to replace rules and for American and eu cognitive linguists to confront representatives of alternative instructions in eu structural semantics. Papers are in sections on theories and versions, descriptive different types, and case reports, and think about parts resembling cognitive and structural semantics, diachronic prototype semantics, synecdoche as a cognitive and communicative process, and intensifiers as goals and resources of semantic switch.
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Values and contrasts at the level of signification need play no role whatsoever in a speaker's performance. In Structural Semantics, however, the unity of meanings at the level of signification is a logical necessity, rather than an empirical matter. Coseriu (1977: 8-10) writes that meaning variants can be derived from meaning invariants (significations), but not vice versa; it is only on the basis of unitary meanings that meaning variants can be established at all (Coseriu 1990: 270). The very fact that different readings are recognised as such, rests on the prior knowledge of the invariant meaniflg.
Objects, which is to say, of a part of extralinguistic reality". The authors maintain that although Pottier begins his analysis by considering the objects as such, and the real-world Cognitive Semantics and Structural Semantics 43 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. features that distinguish them, he proceeds to eliminate the linguistically irrelevant features, thereby arriving at the (linguistically) "pertinent features". Still, it is legitimate to ask what these "pertinent features" are supposed to be, if not the necessary and sufficient features of check-list theories.
Vious in the case of (near) synonyms. Crose (1986: 266) characterises (near) synonyms as items which have "a low degree of implicit contrastiveness". Thus, in declaring that a building is "high", one is not implicitly denying that it is ''tall'' (and vice versa). Although high and tall do not share exactly the same meaning, the difference can hardly be stated in terms of the presence vs. absence of some distinctive semantic feature. I I Crose (1986: 285) also drew attention to what he called "plesionyms" - sets of words that are only weakly contrastive, and which stand mid-way, so to speak, between (near) synonyms on the one hand, and fully contrastive word sets on the other.
Historical Semantics and Cognition by Andreas Blank