By Walter Laqueur
Drawing on own interviews, journals, memoirs, and his personal stories, the writer chronicles the lives of a new release of younger German Jews who fled Germany within the wake of Hitler's upward push to energy in 1933.
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Extra info for Generation Exodus : The Fate of Young Jewish Refugees from Nazi Germany
His parents and their friends, meanwhile, could not imagine that Hitler’s threats were serious. The Expulsion of Students: Where to Turn? Most university students had to live from one day to the next. Even those who had virtually concluded their studies and had only to hand in their dissertations or sit for their oral examinations could not graduate, unless a well-meaning professor was willing to turn a blind eye to the instructions given by the ministry of education. One of these lucky students was Abraham Gutsmuth (later Abraham ben Menahem), who received his doctorate in law from a sympathetic professor at the University of Giessen.
Some ships were sunk, such as the Struma, which was torpedoed by a Soviet submarine in the Black Sea, and the Patria, which went down in Haifa harbor following an attempt by the Hagana to disable the ship. Some illegal immigrants were discovered in Kladovo on the Danube, south of Belgrade, by German troops and murdered. During the last months and weeks before the outbreak of the war, desperate attempts continued in other directions: children were sent posthaste to Britain, some Zionist pioneers were transferred to farms in Denmark and Sweden, emigration to Palestine continued via Italy up to June 1940 and to Shanghai via the Trans-Siberian Express even later, and a few ships reached North and South America up to 1941.
This proved to be an exercise in futility as almost every country had closed its borders to Jewish refugees. Through a travel agency in Berlin I learned that there was a possibility of obtaining a tourist visa to Peru through rather devious Walter Laqueur: Generation Exodus page 25 Growing Up between Weimar and Hitler 25 means. While the Peruvian consul in Germany refused to issue any visas, the Peruvian consul in Paris was issuing a number of such visas in exchange for a little compensation. Baer (today an attorney in California) was better prepared for such a transaction than most, for he had a good working knowledge of English, French, and Spanish.
Generation Exodus : The Fate of Young Jewish Refugees from Nazi Germany by Walter Laqueur