By David Wood
This quantity provides a complete examine the phenomenon of formulaic language (multi-word devices believed to be mentally kept and retrieved as unmarried devices) and its role€in fluent speech production.€ concentrating on moment language speech, the publication offers an outline of analysis into the function of formulaic language in fluency, information a examine which supplies facts of that position, and descriptions educating plans and suggestions to foster it.€ this crucial region has now not been tested in such intensity and scope prior to, and this paintings has many implications for destiny examine and language. Read more...
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Additional info for Formulaic language and second language speech fluency : background, evidence and classroom applications
For members of the low group, most of the regular unfilled pauses . . occur in chunks of disfluencies . . it is possible, therefore, that a high number of disfluency chunks in a NNS’s (non-native speaker) speech may indicate low fluency . . whereas a low number of disfluency chunks may indicate high fluency or proficiency. (Riggenbach, 1991: 431–432) The location of pauses at clause junctures, and the avoidance of clustered pauses (disfluency chunks) seems to play a role in perceived fluency.
The authors note that it was common to discover exceptionally sophisticated language in stretches of child learner speech in research: In their attempts to write grammars for different stages of development, mainly in structural areas like negation or interrogation, child language researchers were very often confronted with utterances of a rather complex nature. The structure of these utterances was somehow “outside” the rules written to account for the bulk of data representing syntactic development for the stage in question.
As Chafe (1980) notes, fluent speech occurs in spurts, punctuated by pauses at meaning and syntactic junctures. ” When this jamming happens, the result is disfluent speech, characterized by slow speed, pauses at mid-clause, sentence, or phrase, and brief, incomplete or simplified language runs between pauses. ” Routinized speaking plans are those plans which have become more or less automatized, that is, stored in long-term memory in such a way as to be easily pulled from a repertoire and encoded into speech.
Formulaic language and second language speech fluency : background, evidence and classroom applications by David Wood