By Michiel Leezenberg
This examine offers an method of metaphor that systematically takes contextual elements into consideration. It analyses how metaphors either depend upon, and alter, the context during which they're uttered, and in particular, how metaphorical interpretation contains the articulation of asserted, implied and presupposed fabric. It supplementations this semantic research with a practice-based account of metaphor on the conceptual point, which stresses the function of sociocultural elements in thought formation.
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The basis for his argument is the role that early forms of writing seem to play. 2 below). The Sumerian lists were of various kinds, such as inventories, lists of traded goods, and household statistics. Goody holds that such lists, which Pre- and Protohistory 21 constitute an essentially graphic mode of representation, force a greater systematization of the languageon the speakers, since they require unequivocal decisions as to whether or not some item belongs to a certain class or category. Writing thus makes languagemore decontextualized and more discontinuous, as it both enables and requires the employment of strict categorial boundaries that are abstracted from particular contexts.
Lucas's edition (Oxford 1968). H. L. D. Ross's English edition of Organon (1928) and Rhetoric (1924). , Stutterheim, Vahlen, Lucas, Ricoeur, and Cooper), I will only refer to them incidentally, to avoid an inordinate lengthening of this section. 32 Contexts of Metaphor a good metaphor, what happens to the meanings of the words involved in figurative speech, and whether metaphors can be true. Some of these questions are discussed in Book III of the Rhetoric (1404b25ff), which deals with prose language used for convincing an audience in debate.
Now the ascription of a referentialist view to Aristotle requires that it is indeed the referents that determine the metaphorical interpretation, rather than some other aspect of meaning, or the concept associated with the word; but Aristotle nowhere unambiguously commits himself to such a view. A related, though distinct, question is whether in metaphor (some aspect of) word meaning changes, and if so, which aspect: the sense, the reference, or the concept. As Aristotle defines metaphor as just the transfer of a word, it is difficult to credit him with any specific doctrine regarding these questions.
Contexts of Metaphor by Michiel Leezenberg