By Thanh Nyan
From a Darwinian standpoint, language is rooted in our neurobiology, and the method wherein interpretation is reached on the subject of argumentative sequences isn't really varied to that underlying motion choice in keeping with environmental swap: certainly, it arguably comprises a similar kind of decision-making (Damasio 1994). Context development, as construed via Nyan, corresponds to the initial degree of decision-making, whilst the replaced surroundings has to be classified. What discourse markers give a contribution to context building is an upgraded point of automation, wherein the measure of version assumed to be found in the interlocutor s processing context could be introduced inside of a workable diversity. How discourse markers impact interpretation is construed by way of Damasio s (2010) convergence-and-divergence quarter framework."
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Extra info for Context Construction As Mediated by Discourse Markers: An Adaptive Approach
Such a system, according to Damasio (1994: 179), would be pretuned for achieving these goals in social situations. At the biological level, where adaptive action is determined by biological regulations and carried out automatically, survival is a matter of maintaining possible 27 Other systems include the circulatory, the digestive and the nervous system. , to show compliance with the latest security measures at airports), or in a way that is accessible to consciousness (habits are a case in point).
2 The Horizontal Conception of Cognition The above view of language is in line with the ‘horizontal modularity conception of cognition’, while the traditional view pertains to the ‘vertical modularity conception’ (Hurley 2001: 7–9). ” Because each module is “dedicated to a particular kind of task” such as “predator recognition and fleeing-type behaviour, sensory and motor processes are not segregated, and the neural network receives feedback from the external environment as well as internal feedback.
But first, on what grounds can language be assumed to have evolved for a given purpose? 2 The Complex Design Argument As pointed out by Pinker and Bloom (1990: 715), tests appealing to “convergent evolution and resemblance to man-made artifacts”, and “direct assessment of engineering efficiency” are difficult to carry out in the case of language. The complex design argument, however, remains applicable. If the language system (or some aspect of it) is an adaptation (or a re-adaptation) for a certain function, its design must show a complexity that reflects the ‘structure and arrangements’ of its interacting parts, the details of which “suggest design to fulfill some function” (Pinker and Bloom (1990: 709).
Context Construction As Mediated by Discourse Markers: An Adaptive Approach by Thanh Nyan