By Qi Zhao
Regardless of a plethora of medical literature dedicated to imaginative and prescient examine and the fashion towards integrative examine, the borders among disciplines stay a realistic hassle. to handle this challenge, this e-book offers a scientific and accomplished assessment of imaginative and prescient from a variety of views, starting from neuroscience to cognition, and from computational ideas to engineering advancements. it really is written by way of best overseas researchers within the box, with an emphasis on linking a number of disciplines and the effect such synergy can result in by way of either clinical breakthroughs and expertise ideas. It is geared toward energetic researchers and scientists and engineers in comparable fields.
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Extra info for Computational and Cognitive Neuroscience of Vision
Curr Opin Neurobiol 14:481–487 Quian Quiroga R (2012) Concept cells: the building blocks of declarative memory functions. Nat Rev Neurosci 13:587–597 Quian Quiroga R (2013) Gnostic cells in the 21st century. Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars) 73:463–471 Quian Quiroga R, Kraskov A, Koch C, Fried I (2009) Explicit encoding of multimodal percepts by single neurons in the human brain. Curr Biol 19:1308–1313 Quian Quiroga R, Kreiman G, Koch C, Fried I (2008) Sparse but not “grandmother-cell” coding in the medial temporal lobe.
There are inﬁnite possible ways of completing occluded objects. The ambiguities arise from the many combinations with which occluded edges, called ‘inducers’ can be paired together, as well as the inﬁnite possible contours between two pairs of inducers (Kellman et al. 2001; Nakayama et al. 1995; Ullman 1976). Despite the many possible solutions, the visual system typically arrives at a single (and correct) interpretation of the image. The temporal dynamics of shape completion can constrain the computational steps involved in processing occluded images.
The data we discuss all originates from epilepsy patients who are being investigated for possible surgical treatment of their drug resistant seizures. This raises the question to what extend these results generalize to non-epileptic subjects. For example, studies showed that some abnormalities in brain activity can be observed even in cortical areas not deemed epileptic (Engel et al. 1982; Bettus et al. 2011). Despite these limitations, it is remarkable that the type of ﬁndings we review in this chapter have been highly reproducible across a wide variety of patients with different kinds of epilepsy.
Computational and Cognitive Neuroscience of Vision by Qi Zhao