By Hans Keman
This crucial new e-book brings jointly global category students to supply a totally new comparative politics textual content. It bargains a accomplished reivew of the full democratic technique and gives a framework for measuring and comparing modern democracy and democratic functionality all over the world.
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Extra info for Comparative Democratic Politics: A Guide to Contemporary Theory and Research
4 For all their diversity and disagreement, such writings had in common an attempt to understand processes of social change, conceived as in principle comparable over different areas and time-periods, and tackled with instruments from whatever social science discipline seemed appropriate. Such approaches also led to a reconsideration of past patterns of political and social change in nations already seen as fully or mainly modernized, including the United States itself and Western Europe. Historians were asked to join in such efforts at comparative understanding (see for example: Black, 1966; Tilly, 1975, 1990; Grew, 1978).
Earlier beliefs about the ‘natural’ development of democracy foundered. ‘Autocracy’ had been a time-honoured category of political analysis, and ‘absolutism’ had been the natural counterpoint of constitutionalism and later of democracy. But totalitarianism seemed to represent an entirely new political phenomenon. Problems of power and leadership, of propaganda and mass publics, of repressive one-party systems and police rule, came to dominate political discussion. Sociological and psychological explanations seemed to offer better insights into the realities of totalitarian rule than did traditional political theory or institutional analysis.
Early in the post-1945 period deliberate efforts were made to foster international comparative research. One powerful stimulus came from UNESCO, which established its own International Social Science Research Council, and which provided a powerful stimulus for the establishment of international professional bodies such as the International Political Science Association (IPSA) or the International Sociological Association (ISA). Many national governments expanded their research councils. The idea of international exchange and research co-operation found increasing favour, with the fellowship programmes of a number of American Foundations, the Fulbright programme, and to a lesser extent agencies like the British Council setting a pattern.
Comparative Democratic Politics: A Guide to Contemporary Theory and Research by Hans Keman