By Alfred Schutz (auth.), Arvid Brodersen (eds.)
Elsewhere 1 we have been inquisitive about basic facets of the query how guy can understand his fellow-men. We analyzed man's subjective reviews of the opposite and located in them the foundation for his realizing of the Other's subjective tactics of attention. The very assumption of the life of the opposite, despite the fact that, introduces the measurement of intersub jectivity. the area is skilled through the Self as being inhabited by means of different Selves, as being an international for others and of others. As we had celebration to show, intersubjective truth is in no way homogeneous. The social international during which guy reveals himself shows a posh constitution; fellow-men seem to the Self less than various features, to which correspond varied cognitive kinds wherein the Self perceives and apprehends the Other's suggestions, factors, and activities. within the current research will probably be our major activity to explain the beginning of the differentiated constructions of social truth in addition to to bare the foundations underlying its team spirit and coherence. It has to be under pressure that cautious description of the methods which permit one guy to appreciate another's ideas and activities is a prerequisite for the technique of the empirical social sciences. The query how a systematic interpretation of human motion is feasible may be resolved provided that an enough • From: De, sinnha/te A II/ball tler sowuen WeU, Vienna, 1932; second ed. 1960 (Sektion IV: Strukturanalyse der Sozialwelt, Soziale Umwelt, Mitwelt, Vorwelt, English model by way of Professor Thomas Luckmann.
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Additional info for Collected Papers II: Studies in Social Theory
Their conscious processes are not given to me in direct evidence; yet I have some knowledge of them, since I can impute to contemporaries typical motives with a high degree of likelihood. I can act upon them as I can act upon fellow-men, and I stand to them in typical social relations. Beyond this region of Others with whom I coexist in time and who. , beyond the world of contemporaries and fellow-men 3 For a more detailed discussion, see again, Op. ; and;idem, pp 207-259. THE DIMENSIONS OF THE SOCIAL WORLD 23 with its internal modifications of immediacy and vividness, there are regions of social reality which are neither actually nor potentially accessible to direct experience.
INTRODUCTION Elsewhere 1 we were concerned with fundamental aspects of the question how man can comprehend his fellow-men. We analyzed man's subjective experiences of the Other and found in them the basis for his understanding of the Other's subjective processes of consciousness. The very assumption of the existence of the Other, however, introduces the dimension of intersubjectivity. The world is experienced by the Self as being inhabited by other Selves, as being a world for others and of others.
The very fact that I can do so, however, presupposes my experience of the other Self as a fellow-man who shares experiences with me in the ongoing community of space and time; it presupposes the "pure" Werelation. The stream of concrete experiences which fills the We-relation with "content" bears a strong similarity to the manifold and continuous stream of my own consciousness. There is one fundamental difference. My own stream of consciousness is interior, it is "pure" duration. The We-relation, however, consists not only in the community of time, that is, in the synchronization of two interior streams of duration; it consists also in the community of space, that is, the bodily and thus exterior presence of a fellowman face to face with me.
Collected Papers II: Studies in Social Theory by Alfred Schutz (auth.), Arvid Brodersen (eds.)