By Christopher R. Browning
Christopher R. Browning addresses probably the most heated controversies that experience arisen from using postwar testimony: Hannah Arendt's uncritical popularity of Adolf Eichmann's self-portrayal in Jerusalem; the conviction of Ivan Demjanuk (accused of being Treblinka dying camp shield "Ivan the Terrible") at the foundation of survivor testimony and its next reversal via the Israeli ultimate courtroom; the controversy in Poland sparked by way of Jan Gross's use of either survivor and communist court docket testimony in his publication buddies; and the clash among Browning himself and Daniel Goldhagen, writer of Hitler's keen Executioners, concerning technique and interpretation within the use of pre-trial testimony. regardless of those controversies and demanding situations, Browning delineates the ways that the severe use of such frustrating resources offers telling facts for writing Holocaust historical past. He examines and discusses starkly diverse units of "collected memories"-the voluminous tales of infamous Holocaust offender Adolf Eichmann and the stories of a hundred seventy five survivors of an vague complicated of manufacturing unit slave exertions camps within the Polish city of Starachowice.
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Extra resources for Collected Memories: Holocaust History and Post-War Testimony (George L. Mosse Series in Modern European Cultural and Intellectual History)
The frustrated Höppner felt it was “essential . . that total clarity prevails about what ﬁnally shall happen to those undesirable ethnic elements deported from the greater German resettlement area. ”90 If Eichmann had been unable to help Höppner answer this question, he was equally unhelpful regarding the request of Germans in Serbia eager to deport their Jews. Eichmann rejected this request on September 13, 1941, noting that “residence in Russia and the GG impossible. ”91 Just days later the situation was suddenly transformed.
This remark was reported to an Israeli newspaper that exploded in righteous indignation that Hilberg trusted the word of Nazi perpetrators over that of Jewish survivors. An appropriate professional judgment about the varying reliability of different kinds of sources for conveying certain kinds of information was transformed into an inappropriate allegation that such a choice constituted a pernicious moral judgment, that Hilberg deemed Nazis more “trustworthy” than survivors. Shortly after my book Ordinary Men was published, I visited Jerusalem to conduct research at Yad Vashem.
67 Concerning the shooting in Minsk, Eichmann offered conﬂicting dates of late fall 1941 and early 1942. According to Christian Gerlach, the undoubted expert on the Holocaust in Belarus, only two shootings would ﬁt an Eichmann trip during cold weather: the massacres of November 7–11, 1941, or March 2–3, 1942. 70 In my opinion it is much more likely that this trip occurred in November, as he suggested in his ﬁrst account, and preceded his trip to Chelmno. The massacres of November 7–11, 1941, took place in order to make room in the Minsk ghetto for the imminent arrival of transports from the Reich.
Collected Memories: Holocaust History and Post-War Testimony (George L. Mosse Series in Modern European Cultural and Intellectual History) by Christopher R. Browning