By Dr. Beth B. Cohen
Following the top of global conflict II, it used to be largely mentioned by way of the media that Jewish refugees came upon lives full of chance and happiness in the USA. although, for many of the 140,000 Jewish Displaced people (DPs) who immigrated to the USA from Europe within the years among 1946 and 1954, it used to be a way more complex tale. Case Closed demanding situations the present confident conception of the lives of Holocaust survivors in postwar the USA through scrutinizing their first years in the course of the eyes of these who lived it. The evidence introduced forth during this booklet are supported by means of case documents recorded via Jewish social provider employees, letters and mins from organisation conferences, oral stories, and masses more.Cohen explores how the Truman Directive allowed the yankee Jewish neighborhood to deal with the monetary and felony accountability for survivors, and exhibits what assistance the group provided the refugees and what support was once no longer to be had. She investigates the quite tough concerns that orphan teenagers and Orthodox Jews confronted, and examines the subtleties of the resettlement technique in New York and different locales. Cohen uncovers the reality of survivors' early years in the US and divulges the complexity in their lives as "New Americans." (20110101)
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Additional info for Case Closed: Holocaust Survivors in Postwar America
A NYANA study, Demographic Characteristics of the Recent Jewish Immigrant, published in 1950, underscores the unique nature of the recent refugees. 63 From comparisons to other, albeit smaller, samples, it is safe to say that these demographics mirror the general refugee community. Most of these immigrants, unlike German-Jewish émigrés of the previous decade, were of Eastern European descent, primarily Polish born. They had mixed job skills, and they often required training, to enable them to ﬁt into the postwar job market.
They have had fewer cultural opportunities and on the whole speak little English. Their hardships have caused a variety of defects which require medical treatment. 58 Rosenberg’s comments are signiﬁcant for several reasons. His characterization of survivors as “dependent” reﬂected a pervasive attitude. On the one hand, it showed recognition that their wartime experiences had deeply affected survivors. On the other hand, it revealed the general perception of the experience—that being in camps had beaten people down and made them unable to think for themselves.
34 The Senate, however, pushed through an even more restrictive bill, on 2 June 1948. The Wiley-Rivercomb Bill allowed for only ﬁfty thousand DPs a year for two years. Clearly biased against Jewish DPs, it demanded not only that 50 percent of admitted DPs be farmers but also gave preference to those from the Baltic region. 35 The Wiley-Rivercomb Bill also stipulated a cutoff date. In order to be eligible to enter the United States, one had to have been in Germany, Austria, or Italy before 22 December 1945.
Case Closed: Holocaust Survivors in Postwar America by Dr. Beth B. Cohen