Publish yr note: First released January 1st 2002 by way of Frank Cass Publishers
Using obtainable archival assets, a group of historians exhibit how a lot america, Britain, Switzerland and Sweden knew concerning the Nazi try and homicide all of the Jews of Europe in the course of global battle II.
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During this definitive new biography, Carol Ann Lee offers the reply to 1 of the main heartbreaking questions of recent occasions: Who betrayed Anne Frank and her relations to the Nazis? Probing this startling act of treachery, Lee brings to mild by no means ahead of documented information regarding Otto Frank and the person who may declare accountability -- revealing a terrifying dating that lasted till the day Frank died.
Like Anne Frank, Hilde Jacobsthal used to be born in Germany and taken up in Amsterdam, the place the 2 households grew to become shut.
Unlike Anne Frank, she survived the battle, and Otto Frank used to be to develop into godfather to Rita, her first daughter. “I am the kid of a lady who survived the Holocaust now not by means of the surface of her enamel yet heroically. This e-book tells the tale of my mother's dramatic existence earlier than, in the course of and after the Nazi invasion of the Netherlands in 1940.
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Rita Goldberg Hilde Jacobsthal was once fifteen while the Nazis invaded Holland. After the arrest of her mom and dad in 1943 she fled to Belgium, the place she went into hiding and labored with the Resistance at evening. She used to be liberated through the yankee military in 1944. In April 1945 she volunteered with a British pink go Unit to visit the relaxation of Bergen-Belsen, which had itself been liberated one week prior to her arrival. The horror and devastation have been overwhelming, yet regardless of her surprise and grief she stayed on the camp for 2 years, assisting with the large job of restoration.
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Additional info for 'Bystanders' to the Holocaust: A Re-Evaluation
A state secretary in Goebbels’s ministry, Dietrich was also Hitler’s press ofﬁcer and a Reichsleiter (party equivalent of “minister”); thus he was both Goebbels’s subordinate and his equal. In January 1940 Dietrich gave conﬁdential instructions to his charges. “It is to be observed,” he complained, “that, with few exceptions, the press did not yet understand how to underscore in their daily journalistic work the propagandistic ‘Parole’ [theme] of the Führer’s New Year’s message, that addressed the battle against the Jewish and reactionary war mongers in sep tember 1939–may 1940 23 the capitalist democracies.
On October 7 Himmler was appointed head of the new agency in charge of these population transfers, the Reichskommissariat für die Festigung des deutschen Volkstums, or RKFDV (Reich Commissariat for the Strengthening of Germandom). This ethnic-racial reshufﬂing of vast populations in Eastern Europe after September 1939 was but one further step in the initiatives already launched before the war to bring “home into the Reich” the Germans of Austria, the Sudetenland, Memel, Danzig, and the like. In Nazi phantasms the reshufﬂing planned at the end of 1939 would eventually lead to entirely new and far-ﬂung Germanic colonization much farther east, if a new political and military situation were to allow it.
Build an insuperable wall on the Vistula—even stronger than the one in the West [the Siegfried Line, which faced France]. (2) Create a broad cordon of territory along the previous frontier to be Germanized and colonized. This would be a major task for the nation: to create a German granary, a strong peasantry, to resettle good Germans from all over the world. (3) In between, a form of Polish state. ”20 At this stage Hitler’s plans included only half of former Poland, up to the Vistula and the Bug Rivers; the eastern part of the country had been invaded by the Soviet Union on September 17 in accordance with one of the main provisions of the secret protocol added to the GermanSoviet pact of August 23, 1939.
'Bystanders' to the Holocaust: A Re-Evaluation