By Sheila Jeffreys
Should western attractiveness practices, starting from lipstick to labiaplasty, be incorporated in the United countries understandings of damaging traditional/cultural practices? by means of analyzing the function of universal good looks practices in destructive the wellbeing and fitness of ladies, developing sexual distinction, and imposing woman deference, this booklet argues that they should.
In the Nineteen Seventies feminists criticized pervasive good looks regimes equivalent to food plan and depilation, yet a few ‘new’ feminists argue that good looks practices aren't any longer oppressive now that ladies can ‘choose’ them. even if, within the final 20 years the brutality of western attractiveness practices turns out to became even more critical, requiring the breaking of epidermis, spilling of blood and rearrangement or amputation of physique elements. Beauty and Misogyny seeks to make feel of why attractiveness practices aren't in basic terms simply as power, yet in lots of methods extra severe. It examines the pervasive use of make-up, the misogyny of favor and high-heeled footwear, and appears on the position of pornography within the construction of more and more renowned attractiveness practices corresponding to breast implants, genital waxing and surgical alteration of the labia. It seems on the plastic surgery and physique piercing/cutting industries as being kinds of self-mutilation by means of proxy, during which the surgeons and piercers function proxies to hurt women’s our bodies, and concludes through contemplating how a tradition of resistance to those practices will be created.
This crucial paintings will attract scholars and academics of feminist psychology, gender reports, cultural experiences, and feminist sociology at either undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, and to an individual with an curiosity in feminism, ladies and sweetness, and women’s health.
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Additional resources for Beauty and Misogyny Harmful Cultural Practices in the West (Women and Psychology)
Beauty practices do re¯ect longstanding values and beliefs about women, although the precise practices to which women are subjected change over time. The requirement that women alter and adorn their bodies for the sake of ``beauty'' does not change, for example, though corsets as an instrument for shaping the female anatomy to emphasize the breasts may give way to breast implants (Summers, 2001). The idea of ``beauty'' as something that women should embody for men's sexual excitement, either naturally or by arti®ce, is deeply ingrained in western culture.
They show, I suggest, that women are not simply ``different'' but, most importantly, ``deferential''. The difference that women must embody is deference. The way in which the sexual difference/deference is required to be expressed can vary considerably between male dominant societies, but there is no evidence that any societies exist in which the sexual difference/deference is irrelevant or in which the social order of male dominance is founded in anything but this difference. Indeed how could male dominance have any existence without a clear difference marking who is in the dominant class and who is not?
Immigrants to the west from such cultures can obtain hymen repair from the same surgeons who provide labiaplasty to women in¯uenced by pornography to consider their labia ugly. In her article on the practice of hymen repair surgery in the Netherlands in the twenty-®rst century, Sawitri Saharso argues that girls who have hymen repair surgery are, ``moral agents who can choose'' (Saharso, 2003, p. 20). Feminists should, she says, respect ``other women's choices, even if we do not agree with them.
Beauty and Misogyny Harmful Cultural Practices in the West (Women and Psychology) by Sheila Jeffreys