Argument Realization by Beth Levin, Malka Rappaport Hovav PDF

By Beth Levin, Malka Rappaport Hovav

ISBN-10: 0511114796

ISBN-13: 9780511114793

The connection among verbs and their arguments is a broadly debated subject in linguistics. This complete survey offers an updated assessment of this crucial region of analysis, exploring present theories of ways a verb’s semantics can verify the morphosyntactic consciousness of its arguments. Assuming a detailed connection among verb which means and syntactic constitution, it offers a bridge among lexical semantic and syntactic study, synthesizing the result of paintings from a number linguistic subdisciplines and in quite a few theoretical frameworks.

The first 4 chapters survey major theories approximately occasion constitution and con- ceptualization. The 5th and 6th chapters specialize in the mapping from lexical semantics to morphosyntax, and contain an in depth dialogue of the thematic hierarchy. The 7th bankruptcy reports remedies of a number of argument actual- ization. With beneficial bibliographic references and transparent definitions of correct phrases, this ebook could be valuable to scholars and researchers in syntax and semantics, in addition to these in similar fields.

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The issues that arise for subjects and direct objects surface again for indirect objects. The distinct paraphrases in (43) suggest that even if a rule mapping to indirect object could make reference to a rather coarse-grained, but unified 30 Challenges for theories of argument realization semantic notion, other partially overlapping semantic notions must be identified to give rise to the various oblique realizations found in the paraphrases of the sentences in (43). So once again, the mapping process needs to make reference to overlapping semantic notions at different levels of specificity.

The The The The storm destroyed the crop. bulldozer flattened the hovels. child hated the spinach. old machine spews smoke. (25) a. Ha-se’ara harsa et ha-yevul. ’ b. 6 When subjects are not agents and objects are not patients 25 c. Ha-yeled sana et ha-tered. ’ d. Ha-mexona ha-yeSana poletet aSan. ’ In English the range of subjects can be even wider, as noted by Hawkins (1985), citing Rohdenburg (1974), and Perlmutter and Postal (1984). The examples in (26) might be said to have location and measure subjects, though the natural Hebrew translations of these sentences do not maintain the same subjects.

The explosion murdered Larry’s neighbor. (Van Valin and D. Wilkins 1996: 310, (10)) As Van Valin and D. Wilkins point out, elaborating on Holisky (1987: 118– 19), verbs which require agents as subjects such as murder are much rarer than those which allow agents as subjects, but also allow various nonagentive cause subjects, such as kill. This important point is rarely recognized, but it has significant implications for the characterization and analysis of argument realization regularities. We discuss solutions to these problems throughout this book.

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Argument Realization by Beth Levin, Malka Rappaport Hovav

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