By Pierre Cachia
Assuming no earlier wisdom of the topic, Arabic Literature - an outline supplies a rounded and balanced view of Arab literary creativity. 'High' literature is tested along renowned people literature, and the classical and smooth classes, often handled individually, are provided jointly. Cachia's observations aren't subordinated to any pre-formed literary conception, yet describe and illustrate the instructions taken, with a view to current an total photo of the sphere of relevance to the scholar of literature in addition to to Arabists operating in similar fields.
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Extra resources for Arabic Literature - An Overview (Culture and Civilisation in the Middle East.)
Evident in this stratification is not only the total separation of form and substance, but the precedence given to form. A contributory factor may have been that Aristotle’s Poetics and his Rhetoric were translated, but – presumably because of the paganism that informed them – not the literary works to which they, and especially the Poetics, are relevant. The prestige of Aristotle, by Arabs often called ‘the First Teacher’, may have lent to rhetorical skills an intrinsic and independent value. e.
It was usual for a budding poet to serve a kind of apprenticeship by acting as rhapsodist to an established master; when he reached competence, he would acquire a rhapsodist of his own who would perpetuate the process. There was in fact such a direct line of succession from the pre-Islamic Zuhayr all the way to Kutayyir (660–723). ö Ö Ö Ö ö 1 The partisans of Alı¯ were first known as his sˇı¯ a. The word has passed into English as ‘Shiah’, and from it was formed that adjective ‘Shiite’. 16 THE STEM There were of course new allegiances to proclaim, new notions to express and new images to unfold.
Most of these nations adopted Islam, and Arabic with it. But, for all that Islam proclaims the brotherhood of all believers, the conquerors were slow to divest themselves of tribal loyalties or ancestral pride. e. tribal clients. Initially, the original Arabians were a genuine military e´lite, and even after they had lost their political and cultural primacy, they tried to cling to their superior status. This did not sit well with the more sophisticated converts. The tension increased and became functional after the Caliph Abd-alMalik late in the seventh century decreed that state records be kept in Arabic, so that command of the language became the key to high office, and non-Arabs found themselves at a disadvantage.
Arabic Literature - An Overview (Culture and Civilisation in the Middle East.) by Pierre Cachia