By J. R. Averill
In contemporary years, greatly has been written related to aggression; one other booklet at the comparable subject might sound superfluous at the present. even if, the current quantity isn't really just-or even primarily-about aggres sion. it truly is, fairly, a booklet on anger. Anger and aggression are heavily similar phenomena, and it isn't attainable to debate one with no the opposite. but, no longer all anger is competitive, nor can all aggression be attributed to anger. consequently, a little bit diversified issues observe to every. much more importantly, the kind of theoretical generalizations you possibly can make differs based upon even if the first concentration is on anger or aggression. the current quantity is subtitled "an essay on emotion." this means that the generalizations to be drawn have extra to do with emotional responses (e.g., grief, love, envy, etc.) than with a variety of types of aggression (e.g., riots, struggle, crimes of violence, etc.). said a bit another way, anger is the following getting used as a paradigm case for the examine of emotion, now not for the research of aggression.
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Additional info for Anger and Aggression: An Essay on Emotion
The meaning of the experience) is determined by the way a particular emotion relates to other aspects of the sociocultural system. This meaning is epitomized in the language we use to label and to communicate about an emotional state. These three aspects of an emotional experience are, of course, abstractions. Any actual experience is necessarily informed by the relevant feeling rules; and the latter, in turn, are meaningful primarily to the extent that they embody the social norms that help constitute the emotion in question.
Indeed, the rules of prognostication may sometimes even extend beyond the limits of a single emotional episode. , with respect to marriage). Feeling rules of the above kinds-having to do with the appraisal of objects, the organization of behavior, attributions to the self, and prognostication-are largely social in origin. A person has not only the right, but in some cases even the obligation, to feel a certain way in appropriate circumstances. And like other social rules, the rules of feeling are not inviolable.
6. As a final point, it might be noted that the mere involvement of a biological system does not make a response emotional. Rozin (1976) has analyzed "intelligence" as a complex biological system consisting of a hierarchy of adaptive specializations, that is, specific solutions to specific problems in survival. The interpretation of a response as either "emotional" or "intelligent" depends on factors other than (or in addition to) the presence or absence of biologically based elements. Some of these other factors were described in Chapter 1, including the unusualness of the response, the attribution of responsibility, and degree of commitment implied.
Anger and Aggression: An Essay on Emotion by J. R. Averill