By Meyer Fortes
AFRICAN POLITICAL platforms through Fortes, Meyer CONTENTS: EDITORS' word. PREFACE. Professor A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, M.A. (Cantab.), Emeritus Professor of Social Anthropology within the college of Oxford creation. Dr. M. Fortes and Professor E. E. Evans-Pntchard goals of this publication. A consultant pattern of African. Societies. Political Philosophy and Comparative Politics. the 2 sorts of Political procedure Studied. Kinship in Political association. The impact of Demography. The impact of Mode of Livelihood. Composite Political structures and the Conquest idea. The Territorial element. The stability of Forces within the Political method, The prevalence and serve as of Organised strength. variations according to eu Rule. the paranormal Values linked to Political workplace. the matter of the bounds of the Political workforce. the dominion OF THE ZULU OF SOUTH AFRICA. Max Gluckman. B.A. (How.) (Witwatersrand), D.Phil. (Oxon). Professor of Social Anthropology within the collage of Manchester old creation. The Zulu King and the nation. prestige and Political strength. The Tribes in the country, Sanctions on Authority and the soundness of the country. the folk and their Leaders. The interval of eu Rule. end. THE POLITICAL association OF THE NGWATO OF BECHUANALAND PROTECTORATE. /. Schapera, M.A, (Cape town), Ph.D., D.Sc.(London), F.R.S.S.Af. Professor of Social Anthropology within the college of Cape toton Ethnic Composition and Territorial structure. the executive process. Powers and Authority of the executive. Rights and tasks of Chieftainship. THE POLITICAL procedure OF THE BEMBA TRIBE NORTHEASTERN RHODESIA. Audrey I. Richards, M.A«(Cantab\ Ph.D.(London). Reader in Social Anthropology on the London institution of Economics and Political technology, college of London 83Bantu Political association a few normal positive factors The Bemba Tribe: Tribal Composition Social Grouping Kinship neighborhood Grouping Rank different rules of Social Grouping financial history White management. Bases of Authority: The Dogma of Descent felony ideas of Descent and Succession. capabilities and Prerogatives of Authority: The Headman the executive. The equipment of presidency: Administrative army Judicial Advisory, the mixing of the Tribe. Post-European alterations: New specialists brought results of the 1929 Ordinances. the dominion OF ANKOLE IN UGANDA ok. Oberg, A.M., Ph.D.(Chicago)t Escola Livre de Sociologia e Politica, SSo Paulo, Brazil conventional and historic heritage. Political prestige, the King and the Royal Kraal. Tribute. The Cult of Bagyendanwa. Succession. end.
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The density of the Zulu Bemba 3 is 3-5, of the Ngwato 75 per square mile, while and Logoli very Tallensi the and of that of the Nuer is higher settlepermanent dense the supposed that might be much higher. It 2-5, of the ments of the Tallensi would necessarily lead to the development AFRICAN POLITICAL SYSTEMS 8 of a centralized form of government, whereas the wide disamong the Bemba would be incom- persion of shifting villages patible with centralized rule. The reverse is actually the case. In addition to the material collected in this book, evidence from other African societies could be cited to prove that a large population in a political unit and a high degree of political centralization do not necessarily go together wi th great density.
Zulu 4. Banyankole 7. Tallensi 2. Ngwato Bemba 5. Kede 8. Nuer 6. Bantu Kavirondo 3. INTRODUCTION Each essay 3 furnishes, nevertheless, a useful standard by which may be the political systems of other peoples in the same area No classified. we such classification is attempted in this book, but recognize that a satisfactory comparative study of African political institutions can only be undertaken after a classification It would then be possible to study a of the kind has been made. whole range of adjacent societies in the light of the Ngwato system, the Tale system, the Ankole system, the Bemba system, and so on, and, by analysis, to state the chief characters of series of political systems found in large areas.
The difference is due to the dominance of an administrative and judicial apparatus in one type of system and its was territorial aspect of early justly absence in the other. In the societies of Group A the administra- and obligations are territorially delimited. A chief is the administrative and judicial head of a given territorial division, vested often with final economic and legal control over all the land within his boundaries. Everybody living within these boundaries is his subject, and the right to live in this area can be acquired only by accepting the obligations of a subject.
African Political Systems by Meyer Fortes