By Dennis L. Molfese (auth.), Michael G. Tramontana Ph.D., Stephen R. Hooper Ph.D. (eds.)
The box of kid neuropsychology remains to be younger. It has no noticeable beginning date. for that reason, we can't make sure its age with the kind of chronometric precision for which our clinical hearts may perhaps yearn. however, one landmark to which we would aspect during this connection is that the 1st systematic textbook to seem during this zone (i. e. , Rourke, Bakker, Fisk, & Strang, 1983) isn't really but 10 years previous. Be that because it may well, job within the box has been growing to be progressively, if now not by way of leaps and boundaries. even if there's nowhere close to the depth of research of youngsters from a neuro mental viewpoint as there's of adults, there were amazing systematic investigations of substantial curiosity. many of the extra im portant of those are awarded within the present quantity. meant to supply authoritative studies of significant important components of kid neuropsychology, this sequence starts off with a quantity that comprises simply that: reports of components as assorted as auditory evoked re sponses in newborns and the behavioral results of head trauma in young ones. Methodological matters, additionally deemed vital by means of the Editors, are dis stubborn in many of the chapters contained herein. in addition, the ex emplary traces of programmatic learn or software within the box which are deemed to fall in the purview of this sequence also are represented during this volume.
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Extra info for Advances in Child Neuropsychology
Increased intracranial pressure 4. Focal edema surrounding focal traumatic or hemorrhagic lesions 5. Ischemic brain damage due to blood loss or cardiac or respiratory disorders 6. Axonal degeneration 7. Posttraumatic hydrocephalus 28 Fennell and Mickle fragment and/or other focal tearing of tissue, including pathway lesions and lesions arising from skull fragments penetrating brain tissue, can be observed from perforating missile injuries to the brain (Menkes & Batzdorf, 1974; Shapiro, 1987). Diffuse effects of the mechanical trauma to the head, such as neuronal stretching and shearing and periventricular injuries, as well as contrecoup contusions may also occur in penetrating brain injuries.
Behavioral Effects of Head Trauma in Children and Adolescents 25 of head injuries, with males preferentially affected over females in a ratio of 2: 1. Kraus et ai. report that "rates for males increase slowly after age 5 years and increase dramatically at ages 15 and 19 years, while rates for females decline after age 3, rising only moderately after age 12 years" (1990, p. 685). To illustrate, for example, in the year 1981 in San Diego County, California, there were 185/100,000 injuries to males 15 years or younger compared to 1321100,000 for females.
Studies of various parameters of memory performance and adequate normative data for different age groups are still needed in child neuropsychology (Fennell & Bauer, 1989). Future research should include memory tasks designed to evaluate information processing models of memory in head injured children, which may allow for better description of memory dysfunction in these patients. Efforts to relate the nature of memory deficits to focus of lesion have yielded mixed results. Rutter et al. (1984) reported no consistent laterality or locus effects in the patterns of cognitive deficits following brain injury.
Advances in Child Neuropsychology by Dennis L. Molfese (auth.), Michael G. Tramontana Ph.D., Stephen R. Hooper Ph.D. (eds.)