By Mira Ariel
Getting access to Noun-Phrase Antecedents deals an intensive shift within the research of discourse anaphora, from a merely pragmatic account to a cognitive account, by way of processing tactics. Mira Ariel defines referring expressions as markers signalling the measure of Accessibility in reminiscence of the antecedent. The concept of Accessibility is explicitly outlined, the an important elements being the Salience of the antecedent, and the solidarity among the antecedent and the anaphor.
This research yields an awesome array of recent effects. the fitting distribution of referring expressions in real discourse is at once anticipated. numerous universals of anaphoric family members are said. hence, even though no longer all languages inevitably have an analogous markers, and nor do they assign them exactly the related functionality, Ariel exhibits that all of them obey an analogous Accessibility marking hierarchy.
This ebook could be obligatory analyzing for an individual with an curiosity within the semantics and pragmatics of referring expressions, within the interplay of semantics and pragmatics, and extra commonly within the interplay among peripheral and critical cognitive structures.
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Extra resources for Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents
Levy (1982) in fact claims that the number of anaphoric refer ences made to an entity helps addressees establish what the discourse topic is. Indeed, the discourse topic is the one most often pronominalized. Examining Redeker’s (1985) findings from a narration experiment using two films shows that different patterns of reference occur even for different-order topics. 7 per cent of the cases. In other words, local topics, the less salient type, were more often accessed using Low Access ibility Markers.
The referring expression in  below is a typical example. As my data confirm, it could never occur as a subsequent reference to Moynihan:  daniel petrik moynehan, mi she haya shagrir Daniel Patrick Moynihan, who (that) was the ambassador arcot-habrit ba umf megale be sifro . . (of) the US to-the UN, reveals in his-book . . ( Yediot Ahronot, 10 November 1978) Given that the richness of the expression is crucial to its degree of Accessibility, we should expect to find differences among definite descriptions of different lengths.
The im portant point is that the nature of the connection between the clause containing the anaphor and the clause containing its ante cedent plays a role in the speaker’s assessment of the degree of Accessibility of an entity. Indeed, Posner (1980:195-6) contrasts the following English sentences, suggesting that ‘the strength of the successivity suggestion’ decreases from [a] to [b]. Note that the only difference between them is that [a] employs a pronoun, while [b] employs a proper nam e:15  a b If Annie has married and if she has had a baby, grand father will be happy, If Annie has married and if Annie has had a baby, grandfather will be happy.
Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents by Mira Ariel