By Stephen Leeder, Susan Raymond, Henry Greenberg, Hui Liu, Kathy Esson
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Extra resources for A Race Against Time:the Challenge of Cardiovascular Disease in Developing Economies
43) Urbanization will matter greatly in this relationship. In India, where employment rates in the years 35-64 for urban women are only 20%-30%, the loss of men of working age is devastating to household viability. In fact, in India, women’s labor force participation rates in urban areas for all decades from age 35 to age 64 have declined since 1977. As urbanization grows, and CVD death grows apace, the loss of men will have heavy impacts on women. (38) C-3f. What will happen if CVD risk factors get better or worse?
Two trends stand out. First, while at present the proportion of people aged 35-64 is much lower in four of the study countries than in Russia or the two comparator countries, by 2040 the seven countries will have roughly equivalent percentages in this age group (between 34% and 38%). This represents a very significant increase in the working age population for the five study countries, especially for South Africa, India and Brazil. Second, while all countries show an increase in the numbers of people aged 65 and over, there will still be differences among them in 2040 in the percentage of older people.
19 A RACE AGAINST TIME S. S. 8 % population 35-64 % population 65+ Table 2: Current and projected population percentages for 2000, 2020 and 2040 for the five study and two comparator countries. Source: 2003 World Development Indicators CD-ROM, World Bank. (31) The patterns emerging here reflect those outlined for less-developed countries. Two trends stand out. First, while at present the proportion of people aged 35-64 is much lower in four of the study countries than in Russia or the two comparator countries, by 2040 the seven countries will have roughly equivalent percentages in this age group (between 34% and 38%).
A Race Against Time:the Challenge of Cardiovascular Disease in Developing Economies by Stephen Leeder, Susan Raymond, Henry Greenberg, Hui Liu, Kathy Esson