By James M. Woods
“In a masterful survey of analysis on Catholicism within the South, Woods has performed for that area what James Hennesey did for the Catholic Church within the usa in American Catholics.”—Gerald P. Fogarty, college of Virginia
“This is a ebook we now have lengthy wanted. during the last 4 many years the heritage of the evangelical culture within the South has been found and lots more and plenty written approximately, however the Catholic measurement of southern spiritual historical past has lagged in the back of within the historiography. eventually here's a synthesis of virtually 3 centuries of the Catholic Church within the region.”—John B. Boles, Rice University
No Christian denomination has had an extended or extra different life within the American South than the Catholic Church. The Spanish missions proven in Florida and Texas promoted Catholicism. Catholicism was once the dominant faith one of the French who settled in Louisiana. ahead of the inflow of Irish immigrants within the 1840s, such a lot American Catholics lived south of the Mason-Dixon line. Anti-Catholic prejudice was once by no means as powerful within the South as within the North or Midwest and used to be infrequent within the zone prior to the 20 th century.
James Woods’s sweeping heritage stretches from the 1st eu payment of the continent throughout the finish of the Spanish-American battle. The booklet is split into 3 targeted sections: the colonial period, the early Republic during the annexation of Texas in 1845, and the stormy latter 1/2 the 19th century. Woods can pay specific recognition to church/state relatives, venture paintings and non secular orders, the church and slavery, immigration to the South, and the adventure of Catholicism in a mostly Protestant area. He additionally highlights the contributions and careers of yes very important southern Catholics, either clerical and lay, and considers how the various Catholic ethnic and racial teams have expressed their faith—and their citizenship—through the centuries.
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Additional info for A History of the Catholic Church in the American South, 1513-1900
This food shortage may have contributed to the eruption of a smallpox epidemic in the winter of 1654–55. The disease started in St. Augustine, yet soon spread to the Timucuans and then to the Apalachee farther west. Black slaves and 25 to 50 percent of the baptized Indians perished from these epidemics. In 1659, Spanish governor Alonso de Aranguiz y Cotes reported that ten thousand Indians had died in that year alone. ”71 Don Diego de Rebolledo was appointed governor in 1653, yet he did not arrive until June 1654, holding office for four years before being arrested by the Spanish Council of the Indies.
Earlier scholars had once believed this river to be the Rio Grande, yet now it is believed to be the Rio Panuco in northeastern Mexico. Pineda stayed there for forty days before continuing along the Mexican coastline. 11 One of the first Europeans to set foot in Texas was Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (1490–1556), an important survivor of an expedition of some 250 men that had begun in early 1528 near present-day Tampa. Some eighty Spaniards landed with him on San Luis Island just west of Galveston Island on November 6, 1528.
Departing also were 80 Catholic Indians from east Florida, who were resettled in Cuba, and 108 Catholic Indians from west Florida, who went to 30 d part i. The Colonial Context, 1513–1763 Mexico. Those natives who remained merged later with the Lower Creeks and Oconee tribes to become the Seminoles. 121 There are few visible remains from the first Spanish period in the American Southeast, the Castillo de San Marcos being the most prominent. Spanish place-names, however, persist, such as St. Catherine’s Island off the Georgia coast, and St.
A History of the Catholic Church in the American South, 1513-1900 by James M. Woods