By Matthew Anderson
This publication deals an unique contribution to the empirical wisdom of the advance of reasonable exchange that is going past the anecdotal debts to problem and examine the buying and selling practices that formed the reasonable exchange version. reasonable alternate represented a brand new method of international alternate, company social accountability and patron politics.
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Additional info for A History of Fair Trade in Contemporary Britain: From Civil Society Campaigns to Corporate Compliance
86 This reflected a commitment by Oxfam to extend the benefits of producer support and networking across the Fair Trade movement. 87 As well as linking ATOs, forming IFAT was a significant step in advancing consumer/producer relations. Producer representatives were involved in the second IFAT conference. 88 By the early 1990s food products were beginning to be seen as increasingly important to the development of Oxfam’s Fair Trade commitment. 89 With the successful launch of Max Havelaar coffee in the Netherlands, extending the offering of alternative food products sold in Oxfam shops was seen as consistent with Oxfam’s wider Fair Trade goals.
A more detailed and nuanced assessment is required. For Oxfam, the justification for operating an importing company throughout the 1960s seemed to be a straightforward case of responding to the desperate need for employment that existed throughout the developing world. ’22 These sentiments were consistent with the first UN Development Decade’s focus on ‘trade not aid’. 24 Oxfam Activities: Christmas cards and corporation tax A government review of charity tax exemptions included in the Finance Act of 1965 ruled that charities would be liable for income tax on trading activities, unless they set up subsidiary trading companies which would then covenant to pay profits back to the charity.
110 However, ‘commercial reasons’ only partly explain the changes in Oxfam’s Fair Trade programme. As shown earlier Oxfam’s involvement with Fair Trade had always been closely connected to its campaigning agenda, and operating a trading company had successfully allowed Oxfam to engage in longer-term development work. Given this wider ‘political’ context, Oxfam’s positioning of its advocacy role and the requirements of UK Charity Law were an equally important consideration. Throughout the 1990s there were signs that the Charity Commission was beginning to adopt a more broadly defined approach to the alleviation of poverty overseas (as reflected in the Fairtrade Foundation’s successful application for charitable status in 1995).
A History of Fair Trade in Contemporary Britain: From Civil Society Campaigns to Corporate Compliance by Matthew Anderson