A Tonomura, T Nakamura, I Ojima's A garden of quanta: Essays in honor of Hiroshi Ezawa PDF

By A Tonomura, T Nakamura, I Ojima

ISBN-10: 9812384456

ISBN-13: 9789812384454

ISBN-10: 9812795103

ISBN-13: 9789812795106

This publication is a set of stories and essays concerning the contemporary wide-ranging advancements within the components of quantum physics. The articles have regularly been written on the graduate point, yet a few are available to complex undergraduates. they're going to function stable introductions for starting graduate scholars in quantum physics who're searching for instructions. features of mathematical physics, quantum box theories and statistical physics are emphasised.

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Extra info for A garden of quanta: Essays in honor of Hiroshi Ezawa

Example text

In the same way, we can define a quasiparticle by adding one particle with quantum numbers (n, p) to the noninteracting system, and then switching on the interaction very slowly. Since the total momentum is conserved in the interaction, the final quasiparticle will possess the same quantum numbers as the original Bloch wave, namely a momentum p in the first Brillouin zone and a band index. The quasiparticle thus acquires the same characteristics as a Bloch wave, and we may define a Fermi surface, etc.

69) may be considered as a mixture of plane waves, each having a wave vector (p + K) where K is a vector of the reciprocal lattice. If, as above, the wave vectors are restricted to the first Brillouin zone, we may conclude that the wave vector (or the momentum) is still a good quantum number, despite the presence of a periodic potential. The ground state of an N-electron system is obtained by filling the N lowest Bloch wave states. The solid is a metal whenever there remain unfilled bands. The ground state distribution then levels off on some surface in momentum space, lying in the first Brillouin zone, which is called the Fermi surface SF.

The velocity of sound then tends toward VF/V'i We note that Eq. 61) only makes sense if (1 F 08) > O. Otherwise, the system is unstable: an imaginary value of sound velocity signifies an exponential buildup of density fluctuations. 3 SPIN SUSCEPTIBILITY Let us apply to our Fermi liquid a uniform dc magnetic field se, As usual, the system will develop a paramagnetic spin moment and a diamagnetic orbital moment. 4 consideration of the orbital effects which, although important, are much more difficult to treat.

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A garden of quanta: Essays in honor of Hiroshi Ezawa by A Tonomura, T Nakamura, I Ojima

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